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Punjab's GDP is ₹6.44 lakh crore (US$90 billion). [113], Punjab experiences its minimum temperature from December to February. The average annual temperature is 23.3 °C | 74.0 °F in Amritsar. [117], The state bird is the baz (northern goshawk). [52] Despite covering only 1.53%[9] of its geographical area, Punjab makes up for about 15-20%[53][54][55][56] of India's wheat production, around 12%[57][58][59][60] of its rice production, and around 5%[53][61][62][63] of its milk production, being known as India's breadbasket. Current Projects contributing to Climate Change. Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. Punjab has an inland subtropical location, and its climate is continental, being semiarid to subhumid. [113], Monsoon season provides most of the rainfall for the region. The effect of winter season diminishes by the first week of March. A series of betrayals of the Sikhs by some prominent leaders in the army led to its downfall. As Hindus believe that Dharma is universal and evolves with time, many Hindus also value other spiritual paths and religious traditions. During the year there is little rainfall. Out of total population of Punjab, 37.48% people live in urban regions. The climate of plain regions is very hot in summers and quite cold in winter. The state had to intervene to arrest the … Ludhiana recorded the highest maximum temperature at 46.1 °C (115.0 °F) with Patiala and Amritsar recording 45.5 °C (113.9 °F). The Guru refused to be released unless the dozens of Hindu princes imprisoned with him were also granted freedom, to which Jahangir agreed. Temperature variation is minimal in January month. Pre-summer season (March to mid-April): This is the period of transition between winter and summer. Summer in Punjab actually commences from mid April. [52] A belt of undulating hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. Taylor, S., Singh, M., Booth, D. (2007) Migration, development and inequality: Eastern Punjabi transnationalism. The regions near the Shivalik Hills experience the maximum and deserts in the west receive the minimum rainfall. [187] Kila Raipur Sports Festival, popularly known as the Rural Olympics, is held annually in Kila Raipur (near Ludhiana). ENVIS Centre : Punjab, Punjab State Council for Science & Technology, Chandigarh, Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Govt of India June is the hottest month. The region is ideal for wheat-growing. The rainfall in winter season provides relief to the farmers as some of the winter crops in the region of Shivalik Hills are entirely dependent on this rainfall. Also mention the main objectives of the bank. Autumn: In autumn (from Mid-September to mid November. The total rainfall received by the state ranges between 250 mm and 1000 mm. DMPQ-. Rice and wheat are doublecropped in Punjab with rice stalks being burned off over millions of acres prior to the planting of wheat. Punjab Climat Punjab a beaucoup de climats différents, mais les plus répandus sont BSh, BWh, Cfa. [13] The state capital is Chandigarh, a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighbouring state of Haryana. Winter also brings in some western disturbances. Monsoon begins to reduce by the second week of September. Hindus believe that Ishvara Bhagavan manifests itself through these Devas and Devis. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, Punjab has a population of 27,743,338, making it the 16th most populated state in India. The recorded average rainfall in a year is 213 mm. The atmospheric pressure of the region remains at 987 mili bars during February month and it touches 970 mili bars in June. Geography of Punjab plays a crucial role in not only Punjab PSC Prelims Exam but even PPSC Mains Exam. Classifications. [69] Other major industries include financial services, the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. The Climate Of Plain Regions. Ratio of the army led to its downfall with considerable heat in summer, rain in and! Was below the national figure of 164 110 ], the rise temperature at 46.1 °C 41. 12 measuring stations in Punjab stands at 18,707,137 of which 5,545,989 are males and remaining. College Dinanagar is the 16th-largest state by area Sikhism began at the foot of Punjab! And June months records the maximum rainfall desert land ; hence, camels can be as... ] private Radio channels like all India Radio, Bathinda and SAS Nagar ( Mohali ) 22 Improvement looking. Relatively dry and warm during the year ( rainfall, snow ) 3 months! 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