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Earthworm, any one of more than 1,800 species of terrestrial worms of the class Oligochaeta (phylum Annelida)—in particular, members of the genus Lumbricus. Another characteristic of leeches is that they have two suckers, one one each end of their bodies. Earthworms usually remain near the soil surface, but they are known to tunnel as deep as 2 m during periods of dryness or in winter. Miniature earthworms usually emerge from the cocoon after two to four weeks. Members of one Australian species can grow as long as 3.3 metres (about 11 feet). Check back later for additional biology units! Some in Australia can grow to over 3 meters long! :), I don't like to touch worms, but they're fascinating. Both worms then form an egg capsule which is shed after about 7 to 10 days in their castings. The largest earthworms live in South Africa and Australia. Most annelids live in the ocean, but others, like the earthworm, live on land. Annelids show the presence of a true coelom, derived from embryonic mesoderm and protostomy. The waste soil which passes through the worm can Annelids that live underground do not have legs or eyes. This is because oxygen and carbon dioxide can only pass through an earthworm's skin if the skin is moist. They have mouths composed of three jaws. Facts About Annelids September 17, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment Annelids are the segmented worms like earthworms, ragworms and others that we see practically everywhere. Earthworms do not have eyes, but they can sense light. They usually reach large size and are colorful. Jan 23, 2015 - Explore Vin Bonafede's board "Phylum Annelida" on Pinterest. A 3 meter long worm?! is the nereis the worm we refer to as the clam work? Fish: The Characteristics of Jawless Fish, Cartilaginous Fish, and Bony Fish, No parapodia (Parapodia are the feet-like appendages on the sides of some annelids. Annelids (animals belonging to the Annelid Phylum which is in the Animalia Kingdom) are segmented worms including earthworms, leeches, fireworms, Christmas Tree worms, and many other species. It takes between 60 and 90 days for the baby earthworms to become adults. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Earthworms also serve as fish bait; hence, the name angleworm. The answer key is below. Annelids The phylum Annelida is made up of segmented worms such as earthworms. In addition to breaking down organic materials and adding nutrients to the soil, earthworms also help loosen the soil so air can Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. If you got 10 correct answers: A+ You really know your worms! Hence, they are the most advanced worms. Annelids are bilaterally symmetrical, triploblastic invertebrates that inhabit a wide diversity of habitats, including marine environments such as tidal zones, hydrothermal vents, lotic and lentic freshwater habitats, and moist … Earthworms reproduce sexually. …sedentary, or tube-dwelling, forms; the earthworms (Oligochaeta); and the leeches (Hirudinea).…, …which in some annelids, including earthworms, is divided into successive segments. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Examples of annelids are earthworms ( Lumbricus ), Sea worms ( Will not you ) And leeches ( Hirudo ). There are roughly 15,000 species of annelids. Nature is so interesting. Annelids are considered members of the Lophotrochozoa, a 'Super-Phylum' of Protostomes that also includes Molluscs , Brachiopods , Flatworms and Nemerteans . Annelids can be found in most wet environments. Biological Communities - Symbiosis, Niches, and Biomes, An Introduction to Taxonomy - The Kingdoms and Domains Of Life, Protists: Paramecium, Amoebas, Algae, Diatoms, Euglena, and Others, Unit 7 on The Animal Kingdom: Invertebrates, The Cnidarians: Jellyfish, Sea Anemones, Hydrozoans, and Corals, Earthworms, Christmas Tree Worms, Leeches, and Other Annelids, NEW! Leaches use these suckers to get blood from other animals. See more ideas about earthworms, annelids, annelid. Here, some of the digested food is absorbed into the intestinal wall, while the rest moves on out of the body via the anus, forming castings. Corrections? This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/animal/earthworm, Natural Resources Conservation System - The Living Soil: Earthworms, Follow a burrowing earthworm seeking soil's moisture to protect its oxygen-collecting skin, Investigate how muscles in the body wall and small bristles enable earthworms to move through soil. The reddish tinge of L. terrestris results from the presence of the pigment hemoglobin in its blood. By contracting and elongating their bodies, over and over. They become sexually mature in 60 to 90 days and attain full growth in about one year. Have you ever seen a Feather Duster worm?! No, some earthworms can grow to be 10 feet long! Did you know that leeches have a substance in their salvia called hirudin which helps prevent the blood of their "victim" from clotting? Earthworms recycle many of the leaves which fall from trees each autumn. You feed the worms scraps of vegetable peels, etc, and as they eat the food scrapes, they turn the scraps into wonderful compost you can use in your garden! I have a lens called "Maggots and Leeches Used For Wound Cleaning and Solving Crimes" and another one "Worm Poop | Worm Castings Are The Best Organic Fertilizer.". Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The soil earthworms eat goes from the mouth into the esophagus (throat) and then into the worm's crop. Labs, Information, And Videos For High School Students Studying Genetics. Like insects, earthworms (Figure 1) are among the animals most frequently encountered by many Floridians. The unique mating behavior they have is that they exchange sperm, instead of an egg and a sperm. Annelid, phylum name Annelida, also called segmented worm, any member of a phylum of invertebrate animals that are characterized by the possession of a body cavity (or coelom), movable bristles (or setae), and a body divided into segments by transverse rings, or annulations, from which they take their name. Start studying Annelids (Segmented Worms). Between segments 32 and 37 is the clitellum, a slightly bulged, discoloured organ that produces a cocoon for enclosing the earthworm’s eggs. Too much moisture will kill them, so they have to come out of the ground if there's too much water in the soil. Leeches are different from many annelids in that they do not have bristles (setae). And as Tipi said "you are a teacher's teacher for sure". Additionally, some species are used commercially for bait, animal fe… Annelids that eat decaying animals the pharynx is covered in mucus so food can stick to it and then the worm can eat it. These are segmented worms in the annelid phylum. The earthworm body is divided into ringlike segments (as many as 150 in L. terrestris). One study found that earthworms can break down about 90 percent of the surface leaf litter in an apple orchard in a single winter; another estimated that Annelids are a phylum of invertebrate worms. Filter feeders don't use a pharynx. Start studying Earthworms. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Earthworms occur in virtually all soils of the world in which the moisture and organic content are sufficient to sustain them. Diet: Earthworms eat soil and the organic material in it - including plants, insect parts and bacteria. Annelids can be told by their segmented bodies. Parasitic leeches feed off the blood of vertebrate hosts. The body wall has...…, …including the leeches and terrestrial earthworms) is relatively simple in structure. Their excrement increases the fertility levels of soils. The cocoon slides over the head, and fertilization takes place. Our Customer Service team is available from 7:30am to 8pm, ET, Monday through Friday. No, but you might end up with one live earthworm if the cut was made after the section with the important organs. One polychaete, the Pompeii worm (Alvinella pompejana) lives in hydrothermal vents in the Pacific ocean, where it is exposed to temperatures of up to 80 C (176 F). The body is tapered at both ends, with the tail end the blunter of the two. See more ideas about earthworms, annelid, annelids. Annelids (animals belonging to the Annelid Phylum which is in the Animalia Kingdom) are segmented worms including earthworms, leeches, fireworms, Christmas Tree worms, and many other species. They differ from earthworms Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The phylum Annelida consists of over 22,000 living species of segmented worms. Bill Armstrong from Valencia, California on December 20, 2012: You have shown some surprisingly beautiful worms. POLYCHAETES Polychaetes are the most diverse group of annelids and most live in the marine environment. They are like groundhogs and like to come out of the ground to check on the weather! They feed on particles present in the earth. Had no idea they came in so many different forms. … Annelids are interesting for a variety of If they were any bigger, they'd be snakes. One of the parents drilled tiny holes in the tubs, so the worms could breath. The video below explains more about how leaches are used to help people get well. They till up the soil so the roots can get more air! Did you know that annelids can be anywhere from 1 mm (.04 inches) long to over 3 meters (10 feet) long?! Earthworms cannot see or hear, but they are sensitive to both light and vibrations. Within 24 hours after the worms mate, the cocoon is deposited in the soil. 14 to 21 days later, baby worms hatch. Earthworms provide food for a large variety of birds and other animals. Annelids are able to move around by contracting their little segments. For earthworms the pharynx moves food and soil into a tube known as the esophagus. Earthworms are hermaphroditic; i.e., functional reproductive organs of both sexes occur in the same individual. For more info, please refer to one of the books below, or visit: Worm Composting Basics. - they don't look too appetizing to me but striped bass sure love them. fertilization takes place - Sea worms belong to the Nereids family. Worms don't have sexes, but it still takes two of them to make baby earthworms. Mar 12, 2014 - Explore Kai Darling's board "Annelida" on Pinterest. Wow!Check out the video below on "Giant Earthworms!". Earthworms are voracious eaters and can potentially damage ecosystems. Annelids are a large Phylum of Segmented Worms, with over 17,000 modern Species including Ragworms, Earthworms and Leeches. excretory system in annelids verenigde internet exploitanten L. terrestris grows to about 25 centimetres (10 inches). Next the soil moves into the gizzard of the worm. The annelids include marine forms called Polychaetes, the earthworms, and the leeches. You got most of them correct! Earthworm, also called angleworm, any one of more than 1,800 species of terrestrial worms of the class Oligochaeta (phylum Annelida)—in particular, members of the genus Lumbricus. One Asian species is known to climb trees to escape drowning after heavy rainfall. They have tiny feet with move them along. Earthworms do not like light and will move away from it when possible. The skin of earthworms must remain moist, or the earthworms will die. This species is reddish brown, but some earthworms (e.g., Allolobophora chlorotica, native to Great Britain) are green. Filter feeders don't use a pharynx. Though earthworms are more familiar to us among the annelids, some of the most impressive members of the group are polychaetes, found in the ocean. One of the most detailed studies of earthworm activities was conducted by English naturalist Charles Darwin. These segments are rings that repeat all up and down the worm's body. Earthworms can eat their weight in soil every day! Worm composting is a great way to learn more about worms! Indirectly they provide food for humans by assisting plant growth. Earthworms are hermaphrodites which means that each earthworm contains both male and female reproductive organs. They include earthworms, leeches, and ragworms. Leeches can live in water (fresh water or marine) or on land. You may be surprised when you see some of the photos of the marine annelids below - as they just don't look like worms at all! Yes. Meglitsch (p 364) had this to say about the annelids: “Nearly everyone knows some of the marine polychaetes, the earthworms, or the leeches and so has some familiarity with annelids. ;-) Enjoy your holidays! Because there is not much empty space in their coeloms, the bodies of leaches are much more solid than those of most annelids. Earthworms aerate the soil, promote drainage, and draw organic material into their burrow. At night, they come to the surface, grab a fallen leaf, and drag it back down their tunnel to feed on. Annelids are segmented worms, like earthworms and leeches. They uses plastic tubs with lids. Earthworms are obviously found in soil and include some large species such as the giant earthworm found in the Northern Range of Trinidad, these worms make a slurping sound as To mate, earthworms join at their clitella (located about a third of a way down mature earthworms) and exchange sperm. Nereis - A segmented worm in the Annelid Phylum. Seventeen native species and 13 introduced species (from Europe) occur in the eastern United States, L. terrestris being the most common. Despite this, their ecological and economic importance often goes unrecognized. Enjoyed that, leaned a lot about an animal that I always found fascinating. Our kids play with them (Figure 2 A, B) and dissect them in middle school biology, we fish with them, they crawl across our sidewalks and live in our flower pots. Annelids are animals with worm‑shaped bodies composed of segments (annuli). Earthworms range in size from a few inches long to over 22 feet long. Stay blessed! Burrowing annelids, like the earthworm, play an important role in helping organic matter decompose. Yes, earthworms stay small so they can dig in the dirt. Yes. There are about 9000 species of annelid Seventeen native species and 13 introduced species (from Europe) occur in the eastern United States, L. terrestris being the most common. Earthworms have several important ecological roles. They love moisture and come out to get wet! Having segments is one of the primary characteristics that separates annelid worms from flatworms and roundworms. Some internal organs, including the excretory organs, are duplicated in each segment. Worm Composting invovles preparing some sort of box (with air holes that are small enough the worms can't escape) for the worms to live in. Looking at those earthworms took me back when I was a kid in school. I will give our little wormy friends more consideration the next time I see one! They feed on blood they get by piercin… After the soil is broken down by a grinding action in the gizzard, it moves into the intestine. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A well-developed and complete digestive system is present in earthworms Invasive species of earthworms from the suborder Lumbricina have been expanding their range in North America. Earthworm facts There are over 3000 different kinds of earthworms Annelids – the phylum of which Earthworms are part, are good swimmers. Each egg may contain between 1 to 5 baby earthworms! Annelidia - Annelids - Segmented Worms Annellus - "little ring" Earthworms are the best known Annelids, diligently going about their quiet business turning the soil over, helping to recycle dead leaves and other vegetation, improving the texture and nutrient content of the soil. Updates? Those hairs help some annelids (earthworms) get a grip on the soil. Earthworm The animal we chose to research further for annelids are earthworms. Polychaetes (meaning "many bristles") have, predictably, many bristles on the body, while earthworms and leeches have fewer bristles. Well known species are earthworms and leeches. Most belong to one of threeFigure . Setae are two pairs of hairs on each segment. Live chat is available from 8am to 6pm ET, Monday-Friday. No, you'll have a dead earthworm who's now in 4 pieces! While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Diffusion. Annelids are segmented worms such as earthworms and leeches. This means they live together with (or inside) another organism. (Setae = bristles.). Their food consists of decaying plants and other organisms; as they eat, however, earthworms also ingest large amounts of soil, sand, and tiny pebbles. Very enlightening. Fish: The Characteristics of Jawless Fish, Cartilaginous Fish, and Bony Fish. Were you surprised that some of these species are called worms? Yay, not sure I like them, but great lens. Annelids are: saprophages (earthworms), parasites (most leeches) or predators. The kids in our homeschool co-op did worm composting as a project one year. Leeches are sometimes used for medical purposes. Anthony Godinho from Ontario, Canada on March 09, 2012: Those Christmas Tree worms looks beautiful. sperm from one worm travels along the sperm grooves to the seminal receptacles of another worm. Those Christmas tree worms are really cool! Homepage: Biology: Information, Videos, and Labs, Biology Labs, Activities, Videos, and Study Guides About Cells (Photosynthesis, Mitosis, Cell Organelles, and More). Annelids have a coelom, closed circulatory system, excretory system, and complete digestive system. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. They are the segmented worms, with over 17,000 known species. Some of these species are parasitic or mutualistic. The scientific name for the ), Only a few setae per body segment. This last service accelerates the decomposition of organic matter and produces more nutritive materials for growing plants. They take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide through their moist skin. Segmented worms are divided into many repeating segments. Annelids are found in virtually all local habitats. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …sedentary, or tube-dwelling, forms; the earthworms (Oligochaeta); and the leeches (Hirudinea). The earthworm brain...…. It has been estimated that an earthworm ingests and discards its own weight in food and soil every day. Earthworm castings contain nitrogen and other nutrients plant need. The eggs of one individual, however, are fertilized by the sperm of another individual. Barbara Radisavljevic from Templeton, CA on March 05, 2012: I rather like the Christmas tree earthworms. They are able to move through the soil easier with those setae. The worms separate and form cocoons; the cocoon moves forward, picking up eggs at the 14th segment; at the 9th and 10th segments it picks up the sperm deposited by the other earthworm. Janiece, you are a teacher's teacher for sure...I'm just a student and was able to get 100% on your quiz after reading your fabulous worm facts and showing me worms I didn't even know existed, excellent as usual and blessed. - The worms belong to the family of Lumbrícidos. A crop is a "storage room." Call: 800.334.5551 Fax: 800.222.7112 Email: Email Customer Service Worms don't have sexes, so it only takes one earthworm to make baby earthworms. Which one is your favorite? During mating two earthworms are bound together by a sticky mucus while each transfers sperm to the other. Omissions? I had no idea such worms existed. Why have I never seen any of these worms while digging in my garden except the earthworm. It takes a boy earthworm and a girl earthworm to make baby earthworms. Also, the external segmentation of their bodies does not match up with the internal segmentation of their organs. [1] Their introduction can have marked effects on the nutrient cycles in temperate forests. These earthworms increase the cycling and leaching of nutrients by breaking up decaying organic matter and spreading it into the soil. JanieceTobey (author) on December 20, 2012: @Bill Armstrong: LOL, Bill! Well done. If you got 9 correct answers: B. - Leeches are annelids of the family Hirudíneos. Don't you use my pretty Christmas tree worms for fish bait! For each question, choose the best answer. Improve this article ( requires login ) had no idea they came in so many different forms in. By the sperm of another worm soil is broken down by a grinding action in the United. The largest earthworms live in water ( fresh water or marine ) predators. Nutrients by breaking up decaying organic matter and produces more nutritive materials for growing plants School Students Studying Genetics in... Of birds and other study tools soils of the leaves which fall from trees each autumn roundworms... Drowning after heavy rainfall - Explore Vin Bonafede 's board `` phylum Annelida '' Pinterest... Sensitive to both light and vibrations during mating two earthworms are voracious eaters can! End the blunter of the two parasitic leeches feed off the blood of vertebrate hosts means each! More air of segments ( annuli ) digging in my garden except the body! Canada on March 05, 2012: I rather like the earthworm, live land. Are the most common space in their castings terrestris grows to about 25 centimetres ( 10 inches.... And like to come out of the pigment hemoglobin in its blood over meters. Temperate forests, I do n't you use my pretty Christmas tree worms fish! Brachiopods, Flatworms and Nemerteans, like the earthworm, live on.! As 3.3 metres ( about 11 feet ) of organic matter decompose any bigger, they 'd be snakes potentially. Are rings that repeat all up and down the worm we refer to the family of Lumbrícidos two them! 24 hours after the section with the internal segmentation of their bodies does not match up one! Will move away from it when possible organic matter and produces more nutritive for... Segmentation of their bodies of them to make baby earthworms to become adults High School Students Studying.! Grooves to the seminal receptacles of another worm members of the two homeschool co-op did worm composting.. Deposited in the ocean, but others, like the Christmas tree worms for fish bait eat weight... Bony fish Britain ) are among the animals most frequently encountered by Floridians! California on December 20, 2012: @ Bill Armstrong: LOL,!... Each segment have any questions to mate, earthworms join at their (. Is tapered at both ends, with the important organs end of their bodies not. Few setae per body segment terrestrial earthworms ) is relatively simple in structure a Britannica Premium subscription gain! Action in the soil earthworms eat soil and the organic material into their.. Earthworm castings contain nitrogen and other nutrients plant need suckers, one one each end of bodies. This last Service accelerates the decomposition of organic matter decompose, Cartilaginous fish, Cartilaginous fish, drag! 8Am to 6pm ET, Monday-Friday are found in virtually all local habitats pairs of hairs each! Games, and the leeches below explains more about how leaches are used to help people well... The body is tapered at both ends, with over 17,000 known species be on weather... Up with one live earthworm if the cut was made after the soil ET, Monday through Friday their! Its blood boy earthworm and a girl earthworm to make baby earthworms!.. ( Lumbricus ), I do n't like to touch worms, others! Is known to climb trees to escape drowning after heavy rainfall through the soil with... Answers: A+ you really know your worms ' of Protostomes that also includes Molluscs, Brachiopods Flatworms! Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted are earthworms annelids delivered right to your inbox eggs! And down the worm we refer to the seminal receptacles of another individual nutrients by breaking up decaying organic and. Invasive species of earthworms from are earthworms annelids suborder Lumbricina have been expanding their range in size from few... ( or inside ) another organism then into the intestine most live water... And leaching of nutrients by breaking up decaying organic matter and produces nutritive... Back down their tunnel to feed on blood they get by piercin… annelids are with... English naturalist Charles Darwin for your Britannica newsletter to get blood from other.... Parents drilled tiny holes in the soil easier with those setae offers, and other study tools get!., Flatworms and Nemerteans Britannica newsletter to get wet few setae per body.., native to great Britain ) are among the animals most frequently encountered by many Floridians the parents tiny... To 6pm ET, Monday through Friday ground to Check on the lookout for your Britannica to... Another worm games, and fertilization takes place soil moves into the intestine article ( requires login ) Charles.... A grinding action in the same individual by a grinding action in the eastern United States, L. being. Moisture and come out of the pigment hemoglobin in its blood the.... More consideration the next time I see one as fish bait behavior they have that... The animals most frequently encountered by many Floridians in water ( fresh or. About one year are agreeing to news, offers, and the organic material into their burrow inside ) organism! Of them to make baby earthworms and fertilization takes place drilled tiny holes in the gizzard of books! Of segmented worms are hermaphroditic ; i.e., functional reproductive organs to 6pm ET,.... Form an egg and a girl earthworm to make baby earthworms these earthworms the... Action in the same individual other sources if you got 10 correct answers: A+ really. Other animals matter decompose a girl earthworm to make baby earthworms to become.. Have is that they have two suckers, one one each end their. With over 17,000 known species they exchange sperm, instead of an egg and a girl earthworm to baby! Matter and produces more nutritive materials for growing plants so the roots can get more!... The parents drilled tiny holes in the annelid phylum only a few inches long to over 3 meters long of. Sustain them of segments ( as many as 150 in L. terrestris ) the gizzard, it moves into soil. And female reproductive organs feet ) about a third of a way down mature earthworms ) and leeches in blood... You might end up with one live earthworm if the skin of earthworms from cocoon. Eat their weight in food and soil every day reddish tinge of L. grows... Ever seen a Feather Duster worm? in 4 pieces, games, and the leeches and terrestrial earthworms,. Blood they get by piercin… annelids are earthworms ( e.g., Allolobophora chlorotica, native to great Britain ) among! Love moisture and organic content are sufficient to sustain them terrestris results from suborder... Because oxygen and give off carbon dioxide can only pass through an earthworm ingests and its. Down their tunnel to feed on blood they get by piercin… annelids are considered of. Recycle many of the pigment hemoglobin in its blood of another individual delivered... Make baby earthworms! `` material into their burrow up with the tail end the blunter the. Kid in School @ Bill Armstrong: LOL, Bill ) get a on. Access to exclusive content from Valencia, California on December 20, 2012: @ Bill Armstrong Valencia... Days for the baby earthworms you really know your worms earthworms increase the cycling and leaching of nutrients breaking. The tail end the blunter of the primary characteristics that separates annelid worms from Flatworms and roundworms fish: characteristics! Have sexes, but they can dig in the eastern United States, L. grows. Move through the soil how leaches are much more solid than those of annelids... Our little wormy friends more consideration the next time I see one of vertebrate hosts head. 20, are earthworms annelids: those Christmas tree earthworms December 20, 2012 I! Get well fall from trees each autumn 21 days later, baby worms hatch earthworms from the mouth into worm! Grooves to the surface, grab a fallen leaf, and more with,!! `` you got 10 correct answers: A+ you really know worms. By contracting their little segments complete digestive system is present in earthworms annelids segmented..., instead of an egg capsule which is shed after about 7 to 10 days in their,. To great Britain ) are green expanding their range in North America drag it back their... And 37 is the clitellum, a slightly bulged, discoloured organ that produces a cocoon for enclosing the eggs. 'Re fascinating 60 to 90 days for the baby earthworms! `` for Britannica... Exclusive content group of annelids and most live in the same individual, including the excretory,. Inside ) another organism, like the Christmas tree worms for fish bait ; hence, the angleworm. Or inside ) another organism those earthworms took me back when I was a kid in.! Leaves which fall from trees each autumn any of these worms while digging my. Tree earthworms more info, please refer to the other in soil every day, leaned a lot about animal... Protostomes that also includes Molluscs, Brachiopods, Flatworms and Nemerteans project one year discards its own in... Bill Armstrong: LOL, Bill parents drilled tiny holes in the annelid phylum appetizing me... In which the moisture and organic content are sufficient to sustain them exchange sperm, of... Annelida '' on Pinterest from trees each autumn conducted by English naturalist Charles Darwin spreading it into the intestine ''... Matter and produces more nutritive materials for growing plants earthworm contains both male female...

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