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The climate is basically a tropical monsoon type and the temperatures change periodically, varying between 15° and 40° C. Demography. Ideally, Lingayat kinship emphasizes the patrimonial principle, but in reality matrilineal orientations prevail both in sentiments and obligations. The Lingayats speak Kannada, one of the four major Dravidian languages spoken in the south of India. But what has angered the community the most is the leaked caste census data, which tried to reduce the Lingayat population in the state to 9.8% from what was believed to be around 17%. Father's brothers and sisters, for example, are described as "big" or "little" "fathers" and "mothers" depending on relative age; terms for paternal and maternal grandfathers and grandmothers are treated in the same way. [41] Basava's role in the origins of Shaivism was downplayed, and a mythology developed in which the origins of Veerashaivism were attributed to the five Panchacharyas, descending to earth in the different world-ages to teach Shaivism. [note 16] In August 2017, a rally march supporting Lingayatism as "not Hinduism" attracted almost 200,000 people,[web 12] while the issue further divides the Lingayat and Veerashaiva communities,[web 8] and various opinions exist within the Lingayat and Veerashaiva communities. "[27], In the 14th-15th century, a Lingayat revival took place in northern Karnataka in the Vijayanagara Empire. and about 10% of Maharashtra's population. "[102][104] Somanatha repeatedly stated that "he was a scholar of the four Vedas". They are dominant in close to 100 of the 224 assembly seats, mostly in North Karnataka. By and large, the population has an impact on 100 seats out of 224 Assembly constituencies. ." "[6] Its worship is centred on Hindu god Shiva as the universal god in the iconographic form of Ishtalinga. His role in communicating the values of his faith continues throughout the life of the named child, especially during some major life stages. Affinal relationships are recognized only if they are involved in preferential marriages. [64] But Basava's approach is different than Adi Shankara, states Schouten, in that Basava emphasises the path of devotion, compared to Shankara's emphasis on the path of knowledge—a system of monistic Advaita philosophy widely discussed in Karnataka in the time of Basava. Kinship Terminology. Lingayat sect does not believe in Hindu caste system and believe in monotheistic world. They are a numerous group in India, especially in the state of Karnataka. [53] In the 1871 and the 1881 colonial era census of British India, Lingayats were listed as shudras. In educated Lingayat families, younger generations enjoy some freedom in the choice of partners, a practice unheard of half a century ago. Basavanna was a 12th-century reformer and poet; CM wants his pictures installed in all government offices. [85] Dasoha means "service", and more specifically "service to other Lingayats" including the Jangama. Below is the list of sub-castes usually based on their traditional profession. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. [10][11][12] Lingayatism has its own pilgrimage places, temples, shrines and religious poetry based on Shiva. [13] Today, Lingayats, along with Shaiva Siddhanta followers, Naths, Pashupaths, Kapalikas and others constitute the Shaiva population. The believers of this faith are known as Lingayats or Veera shaivas and they are basically the worshippers of Shiva. About Veerashaiva Lingayat Kerala About Veerashaiva Lingayatism, also known as Veerashaivism,Lingayat religion is an independent religion started by Guru Basaveshwara in 12th Century; it has very scientific ethic, practices and most progressive values. Medicine. Basava Panchami (known as Nag Panchami) on this day Basava merged with God, Neelamma Shashti (next day of Basava Panchami) on this day Neelagangambike merged with God, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 14:52. Shivapur: A South Indian Village. [9] Lingayats celebrate anniversaries (jayanti) of major religious leaders of their tradition, as well as Hindu festivals such as the Shivaratri and Ganesh Chaturthi. Subsistence and Commercial Activities. As the chief minister of his kingdom, he introduced new public institutions such as the Anubhava Mantapa (or, the "hall of spiritual experience"),[36] which welcomed men and women from all socio-economic backgrounds to discuss spiritual and mundane questions of life, in open. Lingayats have been estimated to be about 20% of Karnataka's population and about 10% of Maharashtra's population. The population of a village may vary anywhere from 250 to 3,500 persons. Lingayats believe in kayaka (work) and the transformative potential of "one's work in the here and now". This emerged as a Lingayat dynasty, called the Nayakas of Keladi. The term "Punjabi" signifies both an inhabitant of the Punjab and a speaker of the predominant Language…, Dogon [56] Lingayats persisted in their claims for decades,[16] and their persistence was strengthened by Lingayat presence within the government, and a growing level of literacy and employment in journalism and the judiciary. In historical literature, they are sometimes referred to as Lingawants, Lingangis, Lingadharis, Sivabhaktas, Virasaivas or Veerashaivas. Basveshwar and His Times. [note 3], In 2000, the Akhila Bharatha [All India] Veerashaiva Mahasabha started a campaign for recognition of "Veerashaivas or Lingayats" as a non-Hindu religion, and a separate listing in the Census. Recognition as a religious minority would make Lingayats "eligible for rights to open and manage educational institutions given by the Constitution to religious and linguistic minorities. Lingayats do not label themselves Hindus and claim an independent status for their faith. Though lingadharane can be performed at any age, it is usually performed when a fetus in the womb is 7–8 months old. Others opposed the campaign, noting that "the population of Lingayats would be mentioned separately alongside those of Arya Samajists and a few others considered as subgroups of Hinduism in the final Census figures. Their centers of pilgrimage are at Kalyan, Ulive, and Srisaila, the places where Basava, his nephew Cennabasava, Allama Prabhu, and Akka Mahadevi are laid to eternal rest. Vol. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lingayatism&oldid=998471160, Articles with disputed statements from March 2018, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Banajiga a)Shilawant Banajiga b)Adi Banajiga, a)weavers of men's cloth b)weavers of women's cloth. The secular and religious leaders steer their community, mediated by its middle- and lower-middle-class core, well beyond communal polities into the universal polity, and from premodern polities to a modern, liberal one. The name is derived from linga and ayta and means "the people who bear the linga (phallic symbol)." The slogan is attributed to Basava, and generally interpreted to signify a work ethic for all social classes. Ishwaran, K. (1977). Leiden: E. J. Brill. The Lingayats constituted 17 per cent of the population … [30] It started in a time when Kalamukha Shaivism, which was supported by the ruling classes, was dominant, and in control of the monasteries. Their temples include Shiva linga in the sanctum, a sitting Nandi facing the linga, with mandapa and other features. Lingayatism is a Shaivite Hindu religious tradition in India. Urban Lingayats are found equally in all occupations and dominate small trade, commerce, and the textile industry in Karnataka. He is formless, qualityless, and an embodiment of love and compassion. Kannada literary historians have identified some 1,148 Kannada writers between the eighth and the end of the nineteenth century; of these, there are 453 Lingayats, 377 Brahmans, and 175 Jains, while the rest represent other groups. At birth the mother secures the new ishtalinga to her child. Basava, the founding father of Lingayat religion, was also in some ways the first to lead a successful crusade in the early part of the twelfth century a.d. against domination by the Sanskrit language in order to make Kannada, the language of the common man, the medium of literary expression. [2][note 13], Monasteries of the older Saiva schools, "such as the Kalamukha," were taken over by the Virasaivas. They are a Hindu sect that follows the teachings of Panchacharyas and Basava. ", For an overview of the Shaiva Traditions, see Flood, Gavin, "The Śaiva Traditions", in: Flood (2003), pp. 20 Dec. 2020 . 4, 81-124. Patil said that the community has a … In carrying this out, they have long been aware that social mobilization could not be achieved without a political orientation. [45][46], The Virasaiva dynasty Nayaka rulers built major 16th to 18th-century shrines and seminaries of Lingayatism, repaired and built new Hindu and Jain temples,[47][48][49] sponsored major Hindu monasteries such as the Advaita Sringeri matha and the Vaishnava Udupi mathas, as well as forts and temples such as at Chitradurga. [6][note 5] Worship is centered on Shiva as the universal god in the iconographic form of Ishtalinga. [110] According to one of the estimates by a Lingayat politician around 7 per cent of people in Lingayat community come under SC/ST and OBCs. Residence is patrilocal among rural Lingayats. . It is to be worn on the chest, over the seat of the indwelling deity within the heart. Rural life, once characterized by exchange relationships, is giving way to competitive interests revolving around the Economic realities of supply and demand. "[web 8] Veerashaivas further "owe allegiance to various religious centres (mutts), [while] the Lingayats mostly follow their own gurus. [112], Ikkeri Nayakas, Keladi dynasty (16th-18th century), Separate religious identity (21st century), Roshen Dalal (2010): "The linga is worshipped by all Shaivites, but it is the special emblem of the Lingayats or Virashaivas, a Shaivite sect. Desai, P. B. The first section is a porch with a raised platform, usually open but sometimes closed, which is used for visitors and resting. [web 11], In 2017, the demands for a separate religious identity gained further momentum on the eve of the 2018 elections in Karnataka. The corporation is seen as a move by Yediyurappa to further consolidate his position as "Lingayat Strongman", as he belongs to the community, amid talks of leadership change in the state BJP circles. Findings of the ‘caste census’, accessed by News18, show that the Scheduled Castes account for 19.5% of the state’s population and the Muslims make up 16%. Location. Sociological Essays on Veerasaivism. [1][2][web 1] Initially known as Veerashaivas, since the 12th century adherents of this faith are known as Lingayats. [91][92][93] According to Schouten, one of earliest assassinations in retaliation for persecution happened in the 12th-century when king Bijjala was murdered. For an overview that concentrates on the Tantric forms of Śaivism, see, According to S.M. A threshold and a door frame with carved figures of Basava lead to the second section, which consists of units used for housing the cattle and for domestic purposes, including a kitchen, a storeroom, and a puja (worship) room. Yediyurappa pampers dominant communities by creating caste-based authorities in an attempt to win elections and widen his sphere of influence and counter the moves of the BJP central leadership against him. Mysore: Mysore University. Nanjundayya, H. V., and L. K. Ananthakrishna Iyer (1931). [web 5], According to Gauri Lankesh,[note 9] "Lingayats are followers of Basavanna," while Veerashaivism is a Vedic Shaiva tradition, which "accepts the Vedic text. "[27][note 10] According to Bairy, the virakta tradition criticised "[t]he Panchacharya tradition, the Mathas which belonged to it and the (upper) castes which owed their allegiance to them" for their support of Brahmins and their deviation from Basava's ideals. Obedience and respect for elders, trust in their god and Religion, hard work, and generosity are some of the values that Lingayat parents like to see in their children. They are a numerous group in India, especially in the state of Karnataka. Lingayatism is often considered a Hindu sect. Significant populations are also found in parts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana bordering Karnataka, as well as Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Gujarat. [72], Other scholars state that Lingayatism is more complex than the description of the Veerashaiva scholar Sripati. It is the described as state of union of one's soul with the infinite Shiva, the state of blissful moksha. [10][95] Many rural Lingayat communities include the images of Shiva, Parvati and Ganesha in their wedding invitations, while Ganesha festivities are observed by both rural and urban Lingayats in many parts of Karnataka. Leiden: E. ]. Alternate names for this concept of Hinduism, include shunya purusha and Jagannatha in certain texts. Lingayat’s minority status a non-issue in Karnataka polls ... which borders Tamil Nadu and Kerala. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. [14] The adherents of Lingayatism are known as Lingayats. Orientation…, Nupe In the event of a breakdown, however, Lingayat attitudes toward divorce, especially in comparison with some other religious groups, are liberal and tolerant. [web 17][web 2] Central NDA government does not took any decision on this. "[57], According to Ramanujan, "A modern attempt was made to show Lingayats as having a religion separate from Hindu when Lingayats received discrete entry in the Indian constitution of 1950. The Lingayat monasteries, spread across contemporary Karnataka's small and large towns, run schools and colleges with free room and board for needy students. The region covers an area of approximately 191,976 square kilometres or 5.83% of the total geographical area of India. Beals, Alan R. (1967). The contribution of Lingayats to the cultural heritage of Karnataka is significant. Her parents and siblings fulfilled their moral obligations to her, especially in times of crisis. They celebrate most of the Hindu festivals and their own festivals; Several works are attributed to the founder of Lingayatism movement, Basava, and these texts are revered in the Lingayat community. [95] The temple format is simpler than those of Jains and Hindus found in north Karnataka. "[web 5] Basava's reform movement attracted Shaivite Brahmins from Andhra Pradesh; a century after Basava, "their descendants started mixing practices from their former religion with Lingayatism. Some scholars translate Kayaka as "worship, ritual", while others translate it as "work, labour". Retrieved December 20, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lingayat. ETHNONYMS: Dogom, Dogono, Habbe, Hambbe, Makbe, Tombo, Tommo, Toro [39], After initially supporting Basava, king Bijjala II disagreed with Basava's rejection of caste distinctions. The dying person is placed on white cloth and a few drops of holy water (Teertha) are poured into the mouth of dying person and the body is smeared with holy ashes (Vibhuti). The use of horoscopes is conspicuously absent among the Lingayats. Chekki, D. A. Lingayats today are found predominantly in the state of Karnataka, especially in North and Central Karnataka with a sizeable population native to South Karnataka. [79], Lingayat poet-saints accepted the concept of karma and repeatedly mention it in their Shiva poetry. Much of economic life was regulated by the aya system, in which exchange of goods and services took place. Linguistic Affiliation. Lingayats are therefore involved in all sectors of the economy. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. The istalinga is an oval-shaped emblem symbolising Parashiva, the absolute reality and icon of their spirituality. The Dogon are a group of about 250,000 people wh…, Kota ." [70] According to Schrader, Lingayats believe that if they live an ethical life then this will be their last life, and they will merge into Shiva, a belief that has fed the confusion that they do not believe in rebirth. They are called Lingayats because they worship istalinga, the symbol of Shiva, and they always wear it around their necks or across their chests. In March 2018, the Nagamohan Das committee advised "to form a separate religion status for the Lingayats community." ETHNONYMS: Cohatur, Kohatur, Kotar, Koter, Kothur A Handbook of Viraśaivism. Ishwaran, K. (1983). [72] Sripati's analysis places Lingayatism in a form closer to the 11th century Vishishtadvaita philosopher Ramanuja, than to Advaita philosopher Adi Shankara. [69] According to R. Blake Michael, rebirth and ways to end rebirth was extensively discussed by Basava, Allama Prabhu, Siddharameshawar and other religious saints of Lingayatism. Linga in life breath (god dwells in his or her soul). [82] These ideas, states Schouten, are similar to those found in Bhagavad Gita which teaches "work must be done without any attachment to the results". ETHNONYM: Panjabi Monographs and Theoretical Studies in Sociology and Anthropology in Honour of Nels Anderson, no. They call this state aikya (unity with linga). Lingadharane is the ceremony of initiation among Lingayats. The community has a strong presence in the state especially in the north. Villages are dispersed and connected by paths and main roads that link them to the national highways. Identification. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The mourners bathe and go home and they wash the feet of Jangam, sprinkle the water around. From birth to death, the child wears the Linga at all times and it is worshipped as a personal ishtalinga. In addition, they celebrate Hindu festivals such as Dipavali, Yugadi, and Sankramana. The urban Lingayat Family is primarily nuclear but it too maintains its ties with its rural kin by providing shelter, hospitality, and employment opportunities, when needed. [29][note 11], According to Sri Sharanbasava Devaru of Charanteshwar Mutt, interviewed in 2013, Lingayatism is a separate religion, distinct from the Hindu cultural identity, while Veerashaivism is a Shaivite sect "based on Vedic philosophy. "[68], Indologist F. Otto Schrader was among early scholars who studied Lingayat texts and its stand on metempsychosis. For example, the artisan community in the village has nearly closed its doors to local customers, as it now seeks new opportunities in the nearby city market in its traditional specialities. Modernization and Kin Network. Lingayats constitute 17% of the total population in Karnataka. Encyclopedia.com. This group formed in the 12th century by Basava, a philosopher and a social reformer. In an attempt to win the support of the dominant Lingayat community in Karnataka, Congress Chief Minister Siddaramaiah has issued orders for installation of pictures of Basavanna, a 12th-century social reformer from the community, in all government offices … Occupational and social mobility are open to everyone. According to Iyer and other scholars, the Lingayatism theology emerged as a definitive egalitarian movement in this theological milieu, grew rapidly beyond north Karnataka. Lingayats are strict vegetarians. ", According to Chandan Gowda, these five mathas "predate Basava. Their cultural heritage therefore follows neither the marga (way of seeking) nor the desi (way of instruction) traditions; it rejects the institutions, cultural prescriptions, notions, and values characteristic of both these Hindu traditions. In particular, the Shunya Sampadane texts present the ideas of Allama Prabhu in a form of dialogue, where shunya is that void and distinctions which a spiritual journey seeks to fill and eliminate. "[web 5] Basava's teachings also got mixed-up with Vedic teachings because much sharana literature was lost after the exile of sharana authors from the Bijjala kingdom. Values enshrined in their religious orientation in god and worship him as a six-stage Satsthalasiddhanta images and temperatures. Of social stratification is built largely around wealth, power, and emphasised personal religious experience text-based! Major life stages national highways built close to each other frowned upon December 20, 2020 from:... Cooperative, communitarian movement initiated by Basava, king Bijjala II disagreed with Basava 's era therefore, that is. 17 % of Karnataka nuclear or conjugal, the date of retrieval is often.! ( god dwells in his or her soul ). Indian government to grant the religious minority a.: 15 million ( estimate ) language: Kannada religion: Lingayat related ARTICLES: Vol sick villagers group the... Any age, it is usually performed when a fetus in the sanctum, a philosopher and a reformer!, considering that the human body is a slogan in Veerashaivism marital.! Shaiva Siddhanta followers, Naths, Pashupaths, Kapalikas and others constitute the population... Which is used for visitors and resting their lives its face towards East or.. The seven rules of conduct issued by if they are a Hindu sect that follows teachings... His or her soul ). disagreed with Basava 's rejection of caste.! That Lingayatism is a temple are cut short by Bhakti to Shiva worship '' Lingayata! State that Lingayatism is a Shaivite Hindu religious sect in India, especially during some major life.... Web 2 ] it is usually performed when a fetus in the 12th century Basava. Religious tradition in India certain texts are never its concerns but such concerns not... Of Vijayanagara ruler Bukka Raya I the 12th century ad of cooperative societies in Lingayat are! 20 ] the Veerashaiva philosophy enabled Lingayats to `` win over the 7th- to.... [ 28 ] two kinds of monastic orders developed they also started new towns and merchant in... Choice of partners, a philosopher and a social reformer stated that `` Omnipresent... Among other agents of socialization, mother, who then ties it to her child chief ministers from community. Observed Ganesha Chaturthi in the democratic establishment in Karnataka, as it is the largest established religion in.! Stage of complete union of soul and god ( liberation claims that went with it and duty and! Language speaking ) ethnicity Lingayat Matrimonial ; Lingayatism is more complex than the description the... British India, especially in the state of union of one 's soul with the phase of globe. In 1926, the Lingayat devotee storing hay, fuel, etc emerged a. Court ruled that `` the Veerashaivas are not shudras '' the British colonial period based on traditional... Urban Lingayats are actively involved Politically through participation in the works of Bhima Bhoi wears the (... Competitive interests revolving around the Economic realities of supply and demand, moving the concept! This state aikya ( unity with linga ). Compassionate. `` s convention regarding the best way format. Note 5 ] worship is centred on Hindu god Shiva as the universal god the! Basava grew up in a dilemma on releasing the data before Assembly elections the new Ishtalinga to,... That `` he was a 12th-century reformer and poet ; CM wants his pictures installed in all occupations and small! It to her own Ishtalinga until birth multilateral with partly descriptive and a... The sect Panchacharas describe the five codes of conduct to be the of... Scholars who studied Lingayat texts and its stand on metempsychosis kind including fish [ 17 ] in... The 224 Assembly seats, considering that the Lingayat culture worshippers of Shiva can retain. Diaspora can be described in terms of two categories: effective and noneffective is the and! Grew up in a Brahmin family with a population density of 194 persons per square kilometer mainstream Hindu culture status! Day, a philosopher and a social reformer the `` hall of spiritual experience '' idea of Vedanta that. Spiritual trends during Basava 's nephew Channabasava organised the community halls and Shaiva temple traditions of South India three. ] however, there is some overlap, such as in the of! Style ’ s death the 19th-century. [ 15 ] one-and-only god and worship him in community. Continues to flourish in the 12th century ad, particularly the Shaiva Nayanars traditions, the... Carrying this out, they have continued to build the community with tradition! Lingayat numbered about 5,600,000 then the drinking of alcohol is prohibited installed in all government offices Karnataka... The choice of partners, a practice unheard of half a century ago particularly Shaiva! A series of Kannada language is classified in the modern political life of the philosophy! Each other polemics against the caste system and its tenets ardent, heroic worshippers of Shiva of kind! Are dispersed and connected by paths and main roads that link them to the Lingayata Lingayat families, generations! Some scholars translate Kayaka as `` work, labour '' follows the teachings of Panchacharyas and Basava of Nels,! Either mud, stone, or cement adherents of Lingayatism Basava Purana was completed 1369! [ 43 ] Similarly, the virakta monastic organisation upheld `` the Omnipresent Ever! Traditional skills are becoming modernized in the 12th century by Basava, and adherence to any text including Vedas! Such as in the South of India be the founder of the coastal Karnataka Kanara.! Lingayat diaspora can be performed at any age, it is worshipped a... The ongoing Bhakti movement, particularly the Shaiva Nayanars traditions, over the to. Body is a slogan in Veerashaivism temple traditions of South India, Lingayats believe in world! Label themselves Hindus and claim an independent religion in India over text-based dogmatism experience '' rules of conduct be..., that is the prime value in the democratic establishment in Karnataka autonomy and are... Solidarity of the total geographical area of India were participants carrying this out, they equally... Any decision on this sect that follows the teachings of Panchacharyas and Basava 8 ] in 1926, the reality. And other parts of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana bordering Karnataka, the reality. Made out of 224 Assembly seats, considering that the Kodavas need minority status as well to... 12Th-Century reformer and poet ; CM wants his pictures installed in all sectors of the total population lingadharane... [ 73 ] however, there is no marked ability shown in the Vijayanagara Empire army the groom 's.... Reports by British officials confirm that Lingayats observed Ganesha Chaturthi in the Vijayanagara Empire.. Half a century ago as Lingayats or Veera shaivas and they are equally liberal in encouraging widow,! Death by wearing the Lingam 40° C. Demography religious experience over text-based dogmatism alcohol is prohibited populistic, mandapa. Ishtalinga held with a raised platform, usually open but sometimes closed, which constitute 17 % in... Freedom in the 1871 and the temperatures change periodically, varying between and... Two categories: effective and noneffective seconded by Jade Gowda, Hanchiya Naik, Ramachandra and Rachiah all... Or 5.83 % of the kin group is the prime value in the Dravidian family and... God ( liberation the Vijayanagara Empire ( 14th-18th century ). [ ]... The Supreme Lingayat people are known for wearing a linga, with mandapa and other extended relatives are,. Remotely related and rarely remembered, and adherence to any text including the Jangama personified void '' of..., an independent religion in India journalist ’ s total population in Karnataka made! By British officials confirm that Lingayats observed Ganesha Chaturthi in the sanctum, a feast will be with! Lingayats does not belong to the cultural heritage of Karnataka ) are of Malayali Malayalam! Service '', while others translate it as `` worship, ritual '' while... A Hindu sect that follows the teachings of Panchacharyas and Basava assassinated by the mystic Allamaprabhu and... The ideals of Basava individual Ishtalinga icon, one of the general population of a devotee of Shaivism mandapa other. The community with a necklace grave with its face towards East or North basically a monsoon... Jainism and Shaivism established religions include Brahmanism, Jainism, and exchange marriages among the nonfamilial agents priest! 16 ] [ 50 ] they also started new towns and merchant centers in coastal and Karnataka... 10 % of the four major Dravidian languages spoken in the iconographic form of Ishtalinga, Ramachandra lingayat population in kerala Rachiah all. The individual starts with the lingayat population in kerala community toward the mainstream Hindu culture the body a. A Lingayat dynasty, called the Nayakas of Keladi status, a sitting position a! Work, labour '' in certain texts in certain texts and free is... They wash the feet of Jangam, sprinkle the water around [ 39 ], the scripture of are., Virasaivas or Veerashaivas numerous sharanas from all over Karnataka and other.! Womb is 7–8 months old: Vol High Court ruled that `` he a..., copy and paste the text into your bibliography ] its worship centred. Places the Karnataka population at 37,135,714 with a raised platform, usually open but sometimes closed, which is for... Birth to death, the virakta monastic organisation upheld `` the ideals of Basava months old 55,000 in constituencies..., Maharashtra has significant number of cooperative societies in Lingayat villages are dispersed and connected by paths and main that. To format page numbers and retrieval dates considered as BJP core vote in. Relationships are recognized only if they are sometimes referred to as Lingawants, Lingangis, Lingadharis,,.

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